Fennel is a perennial most grown as an annual. This Florence variety is grown for its big, round, edible base and the leaf stalks are used as a vegetable.
Days to Maturity: 90-115 days
Plant size: 24” tall
Plant spacing: 6” apart for full-size bulbs, 4” apart for baby-size bulbs
Sun, soil, and water requirement: Prefers a sunny location with fertile, well-draining soil, rich in organic matter. You will need to water regularly to encourage a high yielding, flavorful crop.
Pruning: Prune off seed stalks that form before the bulb is ready to harvest.
Harvesting: You may harvest the leaves when the plant is 18” tall and can be used to add flavor to dishes. Harvest the base when it's at least 3” in diameter with sharp pruners. Cut the entire stalk as you would celery, just below the point where the individual stalks come together on the bulb.
Culinary: To soften the flavor of the bulb, you can try braising, sautéing, roasting, or grilling it. Fennel stalks can even take the place of celery in soups. You can chop the fronds as you would other herbs, like dill or parsley.
Nutrients: Fennel is low in cholesterol and is a good source of calcium, iron, fiber, vitamin C and the list goes on and on.
Transplanting: Transplant with care. Disturbing the roots can cause early bolting.
Companion planting: Unfortunately, fennel doesn’t have very many friends except the person eating it. Best to keep the fennel in a separate location in the garden. Most prefer to keep it in a pot. Just make sure the pot is at least 8” in diameter.
** Pots and plants may vary from the picture depending on the size and maturity ordered. All plants have been carefully hardened off and are ready to be transplanted into their permanent garden home or pot once delivered.
** Growing details provided are general. Conditions will change depending on your location, elevation, climate, rainfall, and accessible sunlight.
** Nutritional information is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.